EU: IN or OUT?

With the EU Referendum round the corner, we have created this post to make it easier to see the reasons why we should leave the EU or Remain.

EU: IN or OUT?

1. Consumer affairs

Remain

People in Britain save an average of £450 a year because prices are lower as a result of EU membership

Flights and mobile phone charges are among the goods and services that are cheaper

The EU ensures that imported goods meet European quality standards

Leave

EU red tape makes goods and services more expensive

The recent row over the “tampon tax” shows the EU has too much power, Britain should be able to set VAT rates itself

Consumer protection laws existed before the EU and would remain after Britain left

2. Cost of membership

Remain

Economic benefits of EU membership easily outweigh the cost

Other countries contribute more per person than the UK does

After Brexit, the UK would still have to contribute to the EU budget to retain access to the single market

Leave

The gross cost works out at £350m a week

If the UK left, billions of pounds would become available for other priorities

The UK would also be able to decide how to spend the money that the EU transfers back to it​

3. Education and research

Remain

UK universities receive millions in research funding from the EU

Many of the UK's top scientists come from elsewhere in Europe with the help of EU grants

The Erasmus programme allows British students to study abroad

Leave

Only 3% of total R&D spending in Britain is funded by the EU

The UK will be able to increase funding to science out of savings from not paying for EU membership

Britain could set its own immigration policy which could fast track scientists and graduates

4. Energy and environment

Remain

Leaving the EU would see energy bills rise by £500m

Britain’s energy security is stronger as part of the EU because it negotiates as a large bloc

​The UK has cleaner water and air, and lower greenhouse gas emissions, thanks to EU action

Leave

EU environmental regulation can be an unnecessary burden on business and push up energy prices

Other European countries would still want to sell their electricity to the UK after Brexit

Most of the UK's gas imports come from Norway – Britain is not dependent on Russia

5. Farming and fishing

Remain

Many British farmers would go out of business without the support of the CAP

73% of UK farming exports go to the EU

It was the EU that forced France and Germany to lift bans on British beef

Fisheries have to be managed to prevent over-fishing

Leave

Britain pays more for the CAP than it gets back so leaving the EU would make more money available for UK farmers

The CAP also wastes lots of money on bureaucracy

The Common Fisheries Policy has devastated the British fishing industry

6. Global role and defence

Remain

UK needs to be in the EU helping to take big decisions, not sitting on the sidelines

Leaving the EU would diminish Britain’s influence on the world stage

Working with EU neighbours to tackle shared threats has helped keep Britain safer

Leave

Membership of Nato and the UN Security Council are more important to Britain’s defence than the EU

The EU interferes with defence procurement and wants to set up its own army

Britain would have more influence on the world stage as an independent country

7. Immigration

Remain

Immigrants, especially those from the EU, pay more in taxes than they take out

Cameron's EU deal means in-work benefits for new EU migrant workers will be limited for the first four years

Outside the EU the UK would still have to accept free movement to gain full access to the single market

Immigration is good for the economy

Leave

It is impossible to control immigration as a member of the EU

Public services are under strain because of the number of migrants

High immigration has driven down wages for British workers

Points-based system for migrants to the UK should be extended to include those from the EU

8. Policing and security

Remain

Britain does not have open borders because it is not in the Schengen area

Europol membership allows the UK to share intelligence and fight cross-border crime

The European Arrest Warrant has returned over 1,000 criminals to face justice in the UK

Leave

Being in the EU makes it easier for terrorists to come to the UK

Supremacy of EU courts makes it harder to deport violent criminals

Britain would still co-operate with other European countries to fight terrorism after Brexit, as currently happens with the US

9. Sovereignty and laws

Remain

Only a minority of UK laws derive from the EU

Britain retains a veto in many important areas

Cameron’s EU deal allows national parliaments to block legislation

Some sharing of sovereignty is crucial to enable fair trade across Europe

Leave

Most UK laws are made in Brussels

Other member states can force through decisions against the UK’s wishes

The British government has repeatedly been defeated in cases brought to the ECJ

Leaving the EU is the only way to regain full sovereignty

10. Trade and economy

Remain

Brexit would cause an economic shock and growth would be slower

As a share of exports Britain is more dependent on the rest of the EU than they are on us

The UK would still have to apply EU rules to retain access to the single market

Leave

UK companies would be freed from the burden of EU regulation

Trade with EU countries would continue because we import more from them than we export to them

Britain would be able to negotiate its own trade deals with other countries

11. Travel and living abroad

Remain

Flights to Europe and using mobile phones on holiday are cheaper thanks to the EU

British tourists enjoy free or cheaper healthcare in other EU countries

There is no guarantee that expats in the EU would be able to stay after Brexit

Leave

There is no reason that leaving the EU would make it harder to go on holiday in Europe

International law means current expats could not be forced to return to the UK

The UK has deals with lots of other countries to help Britons living abroad

12. Work and pay

Remain

Three million jobs in the UK are linked to trade with the EU

The EU has delivered guaranteed holiday pay, paid maternity leave, and increased protection in the workplace

The UK gets £66m investment every day from the EU

Leave

Less regulation in the workplace would create more jobs

Maternity leave and holiday pay would only change if Britain decided to change them

The UK could get more investment from countries outside the EU

Lower migration would push wages up

This information was sourced from the BBC - http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-32793642

#Government #Information #EU

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